Polygamy is the form of marriage in which one man marries two or more women or one woman marries two or more men or a number of men many a number of women.
Particularly the leaders of primitive society increased number of wives in order to prove their superiority. According to biologists if the same woman cohabits with several men, it may lead to sterility, further lack of sex gratification give rise to extra-marital relationship of husbands.
Many people get married hoping that the sanctity of marriage will reduce the chances of being cheated on. Instead of going for extra marital relations husband stays at home because his desire for variety of sex relations is fulfilled within polygyny.
In such tribes polygyny was followed to obtain more children. The development of modes of children will be done nicely.
They are not able to socialize their children in a proper manner in such atmosphere. But now, in the modern world, years after the feminist movement has established legal rights for women, we no longer need marriage to get access to certain benefits.
In uncivilized tribes men did not approach the women during the period of pregnancy and while she was feeding the child. This gives rise to many immoral practices in the society.
And it is very hard not to agree that the most important base for a marriage is love. If they are poor they will remain poor. People enter into matrimonial alliances for the sake of seeking personal happiness. Brothers pay for one bride who becomes wife of all of them.
Greater security among the members develop sense of we-feeling among the members of the family. Rarely do they endure beyond one or two generations. Thus long period of enforced celibacy gave birth to second marriage. Kapadia, Polyandry is a form of union in which a woman has more than one husband at a time or in which brothers share a wife or wives in common.
Brahmin, Kshytria, Vysya and Sudra. In levirate the wife marries the brother of the dead husband. If the number of people in the family will be limited there will be more love and affection in the family. It is considered to be sacrament, a spiritual union between a man and a woman in the social status of husband and wife.
She feels quite secure because in the absence of one husband other males are there to fulfill her basic needs. Polygyny is a form of marriage in which a man has more than one. The greater the extent to which the perceived needs of marriage are met, and the fewer the alternatives in the replacement of the unmet needs, the greater the likelihood of marriage and the continuation of that marriage.
In certain matters, sex particularly, co-wives have clearly defined equal rights. The sexual instincts become dull by more familiarity.
Thus, the second spouse, although not existing simultaneously with the first, is sometimes referred to as fitting into a pattern of sequential monogamy, serial monogamy or remarriage.
According to biologists if the same woman cohabits with several men, it may lead to sterility, further lack of sex gratification give rise to extra-marital relationship of husbands. Where the people of the poor families were unable to find suitable husbands for their daughters they started marrying their daughters to rich married males.
Lower status of Women: Let us now discuss forms of polygamy in details, i Polygyny: On the basis of number of mates it is if two types, i. According to Manu, if wife is unable to have children, man is permitted to have more marriages. Under this system the parents of lower castes or classes want to improve their social status by marrying their daughters in the higher caste or classes.
Out-migration of male Population: Marriage, rather than becoming less important or unimportant, may be increasingly indispensable. Researchers have shown that compared to the unmarried, married persons are generally happier, healthier, less depressed and disturbed and less prone to premature deaths.Marriage and family sociologically signifies the stage of greater social advancement.
It is indicative of man’s entry into the world of emotion and feeling, harmony and culture. Long before the institution of marriage developed, man and woman may have lived together, procreated children and died.
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